Composer of 'V'


Pierre Vellones (1889-1939)

A French composer and a medical doctor. Born in Paris, on 29th of March 1889. Although his precise educational records is remained unclear, his ability of composition can be considered as largely by self-taught, except he once has studied under Jean Hugue Louvier. Although he had to give up his dream to be a musician because of the strong objection of his father, and became a doctor after studying medical sciences, he continued to compose and came to be known and have close frendships with Gabriel Pierné, Maurice Ravel, and Albert Roussel. Also, he is known for his will to work on the compositions by use of newly invented instruments of his generation. For instance, his internal relationship with Maurice Martenot (1898-? ) made him to be the first composer to write an opus (possibly "split et vitamines" written in 1929) for Ondes Martenot (an electric instrument). Because he died without ever laying all his cards on the table (then, only 50 years old at that time), his life as a composer was forced to be ephemeral, and the hardship makes his name unknown. He died in Paris on 17th September 1939. additional information Welcome 2002-2006©K.S.) *do not use this text without permission


Main Works

Stage Ballet 'Grenade besieged' Grenade assiégée, op.8 (1918) ... Text: A. Birabeau and M. Hervieu
Ballet 'Furtive Beauty'
le beau tenebreux, op.10 (1919) ...Text: A. Birabeau and M. Hervieu
Operetta 'Small Majesties'
leurs petites majestes, op.43 (1931) ...Text : M. Larrouy
Ballet 'A Paradise in Amitabha'
le paradis d'Amitabha, op.97 (1937-1939) ...Text: Vellones
Ballet 'Hometown Tender' au pays du tendre, op.14 (-)...Text: R. Kerdyk and G. Arnoux
Orchastral A Fantastic Festival la fête fantastique (1935)
Regions of Tenderness au pays du tendre (-)
Cavalryman Suite suite cavalière (-)
Prelude and Indian Dance prelude et danse indienne (-)
In Castillllan Manner Castillane (-)
Cinema Karakoram Karakoram (1935) {7 ondes martenot}
Concerto Saxophone Concerto concerto pour saxophone et orchestre, op.65 (1934) {sax, orch}
Two Pieces for Columbia, op.67 (1935) {ondes martenot, chamber}
Party - Symphonic Poem 'rastelli' poème symphonique pour avec quatuor de saxophones, op.82 (1936) {4sax, orch}
Rondo capriccioso, op.88 (1937) {vln, orch}
A Cadi
a cadix, op.103 (1938) {2ondes martenot, chamber}
Chamber Five Poems of Stephane Mallarme cinq poèmes de Mallarmé, op.24 (1929) {vo, 4hrp, 2sax, b/msp, p/p/orch}
Dolphins les dauphins (1929-1930) {4sax}
Andalouse Cavaliers cavaliers andalous (1929-1930) {4sax}
Spirit and Vitamines split et vitamines (1929) {onde martenot}
Spanish Impressions impressions d'Espagne (1934) {hrp, fl, bssn/p}
Rhapsody rapsodie (1937) {as, hrp, celesta, ds}
Trio trio harpe, flûte et hautbois (1938) {fl, hrp, ob(vla)}
Theater of Marionets théâtre des marionnettes (-) {5winds, p/2p}
A Man from Versaille a versailles (-) {5winds, p}
Peruvian Images images Peruviennes (-) {fl, p}
Prelude and French Rondo prélude et rondo français (-) {4sax}
In Sevillian Manner Sévillanes (-) {4sax, perc}
Songs Green green (1908) {btn, p}
Prelude and dances prélude et danses indienne, op. 16 (1923) {choir, orch}
A Canticle from Canticles le cantique des cantiques, op. 18 (1925) {sop, tnr, bass, chant, fl, bssn} ....Text: J. Lahor
Three Nature Poems trois poèmes de la nature (1930) {btn, p}
Two Poems of Louis de La Salle deux poèmes de Louis de La Salle (1930) {vo, p}
St.Vencesla's cantata cantate de Saint Venceslas, op.45 (1931) {2vo, choir, org, bell, timp} ...Text: K. Toman
Rain pluies (1932) {vo, p}
Five Epitaphs cinq épitaphes (1935) {btn, p}
The King of Salomon le roi Salomon, op.93 (1938) {vo, choir, orch}
Elegy élégie (-) {vo, p/ 2vln, vla, vc /fl, hrp /orch}
Prelude and Five Florian Fables prélude et cinq fables de Florian, op.28 (1929) {vo, p(jazz orch/orch)}
John Shag 35, op.58 (1933) {vo, orch(2p)}
...Text: G. de Voisins
Five Lovesongs of Old Chinese cinq chansons d'amour de la vieille Chine (-) {vo, p/fl, p, perc}
My Way à mon fils (-) {vo, p(orch)}
A Small Village le petit village (-) {vo, p(orch)}
Three Poems of Rimbaud trois poèmes de Rimbaud (-) {vo, p}
Two Poems of Paul Fort deux poèmes de Paul Fort (-) {msp, btn, p}
Night of Idumee soir d'Idumée (-) {vo, p(orch)}
My Dear Claudine la grosse Claudine (-) {f-vo}
A Blue Bird oisillon bleu (-) {4f-vo}
Piano Planet planisphère, op. 23 (1928) {p /jazz ensemble}
Garden of the Savage Beasts au jardin des bêtes sauvages (1929-1930) {p /4sax}
Chromatic Waltz valse chromatique (1929-1930) {p /4sax}
Ballade for Piano and Orchestra ballade pour piano et orchestre, op. 42 (1931) {2p /p, orch}
Evil Binetti le bal Binetti, op.60 (1933)
Toccata toccata (1936)
Invitation to a Music invitation à la musique (1937) {2p}
An Adventure of Babar une aventure de Babar (1929-1937?) {2p}


Vellones Disc Review


"Mélodies et Pièces pour Saxophones :
Rapsodie / Trois Poèmes de la Nature / Trois Pièces pour Quatuor de Saxophones / Valse Chromatique / Cinq Poèmes Cinq Épitaphes"
(REM : 311303 XCD)

François Le Roux (btn) / Hanna Schaer (sop) Fabrice Moretti (as) Quatuor de Saxophones 'Sans Frontière' : Ensemble Musique Ville d'Avray
I have to confess that I had never heard his name until the day I bought this CD. Vellones was an underhanded, hidden treasure of French modern history of composers. As one of two discs in full of Vellones works, this volume presented here provides a very precious oppotunity for appreciating his voval and instrumental (namely, for saxphones) compositions. Although the name of Vellones was introduced in the front of CD for the first time then, the skillful and famous performers were luckily chosen here such as Hanna Schaer (whose name can be seen in Caplet's works that was published from Accord) and F. Le Roux (who sang very well on songs of Severac that was from Hyperion label). The compositional diction of Vellones reflects his moderate personality. Although he refers to somewhat impressionistic, more contemporary harmonic language in some extent, his style of forming structure is latter-romantic and traditional one with hints of popular culture. Such an modest (in ironic saying, muted) expression seems to have lead him into the position of nowadays.

"Trios & Pièces pour Pianos :
Invitation à la Musique / Planisphère / Impressions d'Espagne / Toccata / Trio / Ballade"
(REM : 311311 XCD)
Geneviève Ibanez / Odette Chaynes-Decaux (p) Ensemble Musique Ville d'Avray
As the second of two volumes of Vellones works, this contains chamber and piano works of the composer. With referring to impressionistic harmonization and structuring forms, his musical expression is generally conservative and pastoral. With more honest way, his compositional diction reflects showy Paris-scene of those days, such that you can be impressed by the works ofThe Group of Six, with much less of insolent character. In other words, he located on the map of modern French composers scene just in between of Debussian - Group of Six - popular chanson music. Such an well-moderated, but halfway-measured manner should have lead him into this underrated position of nowadays. Comparing with the performances by luxurious personnel of the volume one disc, those of this volume belong to a lower rank despite the participation of the pianist, Ms.Ibanez (she was a professor of Paris Conservatory). For all modern French music lovers, it is regrettable that the music selected here is more impressionistic and well-sophisticated in spite of the performance.

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"Works for Two Pianos, Piano Four Hands" (Cypres: )
Geneviève Ibanez / Odette Chaynes-Decaux (p)
(Although we have obtained the bibliographical information of this disc as indicated above, this disc is still hard to be purchesed. In case we can obtain this in a future, we will publish the disc review of this soon)

(2002. 3. 18 update: 2004. 8. 16 English Trans.)