Composer of 'P'

Claude Pascal (1921 - )

A French composer, singer, and a critic. His formal name is Claude René Georges Pascal. He was born in Paris on 19th of Feb. 1921. In 1931 (then he was only 10 years old), he entered the Paris Conservatory of Music where he won the first prize for four times in 1937, 1940, 1942, and 1944. As a composer, he won the first prize of Prix de Rome in 1945 by his cantata 'jokes of bootstrapping marchant'. He was very active as a performer such that he was selected as a cast of Yniold in Debussy's opera Pelleas and Melisande and appeared on the stage of the Champs d'Elysees opera house when he was only 12 years old, as well as he was appointed as a chef de chant (chorus master) of the opera comic theatre of paris in 1944-1945. In addition, he obtained a success as a educator such as becoming a professor in reed intruments at paris conservatory in 1952 where he also became the head in 1966. He wielded his pen as a critic on a journal Le Figgaro from 1970. (©2004. K.S.)

Main Works

Stage Incident Music 'Voyage of Thesee' le voyage de Thésée (1943)
Ballet 'The Pearl'
la perle (1953)
last touch (2002)
Orchestral Jokes of bootstrapping marchant la farce de contrebandier (1945)
Pendubidu (-) {choir}
Concerto Piano Concerto concerto pour piano et orchestre de chambre (1958) {p, orch}
Cello Concerto
concerto pour violoncelle et orchestre (1959) {vc, orch}
Harp Concerto
concerto pour harpe et orchestre (1967) {hrp, orch}
Flute Concerto
concerto pour flûte et orchestre (1998) {fl, orch}
Chamber String Quartet quatuor à cordes (1942) {2vln, vla, vc}
octuor (1944) {2fl, 2bssn, cl, hrn, ob, tp}
Saxophone Quartet
quatuor à saxophones (1961) {ss, as, ts, bs}
Six Variated Pieces
six pièces variées (1965) {fl, cl, tp, p}
patchwork (-) {spni, 2ss, 4as, 2ts, 2bs, bas}
Instrument Violin Sonata No.1 sonate pour violon et piano Nr. 1 (1947) {vln, p}
Sonatine for Violin and Piano
sonatine (1948) {vln, p}
Piece for Oboe
pièce (1952) {ob, p}
impromptu (1953) {as, p}

Horn Sonata
sonate pour cor et piano (1963) {hrn, p}
Violin Sonata No.2
sonate pour violon et piano Nr.2 (1963) {vln, p}
Three Legends
trois légendes (1964) {cl, p}
Short Sonata
sonate brève (1966) {ob, p}
Sonata for Solo Cello
sonate pour violoncelle (1970) {vc}
triptyque (1971) {vc, p}

bleu (2002) {cl, p}
Aria Variations
airs varies (2002) {cl, p}
Sonata for two Flutes
sonate pour deux flûtes (2003) {2fl}
Tender Waltz
tendre valse (2003) {as, p}
Sonata in 6:30
sonate en 6'30 (-) {tba, p}
improvisation (-) {tb, p}
capriccio (-) {tp, p}

Three Inventions
trois inventions (-) {fl}
musique (-) {hrp}
sonatine (-) {as, p}
...Contributed as an unproved information. It might be the arranged version of sonatine for violin (2005. 3. 29)
Piano toccata (-1952)
Lecturer's Note or a Pianistic Recreation le cahier du lecteur, ou la récréation pianistique (1956, 1958, 1961)
suite (1969)

études (1980)
Portraits of Infants
portraits d'enfants (-)
March of Animals
marche des animaux (-)
Peaceful Sleep of Fairies
le doux sommeil des fées (-)
Songs Bills for Ordinally Travellers billets pour voyageurs ordinaires (-) {f-vo}

Pascal Disc Review

"Concerto pour Flûte et Orchestre à Cordes (A.Jolivet) Concerto pour Flûte et et Orchestre à Cordes (C.Pascal) Roseaux (R.François) Concerto pour Flûte et Orchestre à Cordes (M.Thiriet)" (Tudor : 7069)
Benoît Fromanger (fl) Christoph Poppen (cond) Münchener Kammerorchester
A violinist in Ketelby string quartet, Mr. Poppen was appointed the third heir director of Munchener Chamber orchestra in 1995. Immediately, he came out his true colors of favor and the repertory of the orchestra was changed dramatically into 20th cenutry music. This demonstrates a fruit of the sweet revolution. This time, he did all French Program with invititation of a soloist who is a pupil of Rampal and Marion in Paris Conservatory. The solist is a principal flutist of Baerischen Radio Orchestra in Munchen. It seems the reason why he collaborated this CD. you may hesitate to try this because you cannot find any familiar names except Jolivet, but the compositions are really favorable. As for Pascal and Thiriet, their compositions resemble considerably in terms of their ways of construction forms and coloration of the works with strong similarity of Jacques Ibert (although Francois's concerto sounds totally different... he is a typical believer of post-modern, deconstructionist). It was a surprise to know the fact that even Jolivet composed flute concerto in considerably modest manner especially in the first movement. The dedicator of the concerto to the solist, Pascal was from Bretagne in 1921. His concerto has Mozarto-like post-baroque form with Ibert-rooted pretty coloration and hints of Poulenc-like cloudedness. The steady-going sound makes us to accept the fact he was a Roman-Prize winner in 1945. It reminds me of the fact that Ibert composed an 'hommage for Mozart'. In addition, Thiriet's concerto is further well-crafted!! It demonstrates stringly that he was a pupil of Koechlin and Roland-Manuel although he was born in 1906 (he was a composer of dangerous generation who deconstructs pre-modern manners). It was written in Ibert-like Parisian manner with solid skills of collaging harmonies and Bozza-like steady technique to construct clear but well-built forms. It is truly regretable that such an steady composers are left unknown still (it can be said also for his master, Roland=Manuel !!). As you can easily recognize by referring the evidence that Mr.Emmanuel Krivine can train string section tightly because he was also a solo-violinist, the orchestra was controlled beautifully and sings con brio. Excepting little defeats, the flutist plays pretty with sweet and light (French-rotted) tones.

(English Trans: 2004. 7. 11)