Composer of 'T'



Maurice Thiriet (1906-1972)

A French composer (especially in music for films). He was born in Meulan (Île-de-France, Yvelinnes) on 2 of May 1906. He entered Paris Conservatory in 1925 to study counterpoint and fugue under Charles Koechlin, orchestration, arrengement and aesthetics under Alexis Roland-Manuel whereas studying solfege under Schwartz, harmony under Silver. He graduated there in 1931. He admired Maurice Jaubert (frontier of movie music) highly, and devoted himself to the genre with influence of Jaubert. His first success in the genre started from 1942. He composed the film music of 'Les Visiteurs du Soir' which was directed by Marcel Carné in 1942, with the collaboration of Joseph Kosma (composer of a famous jazz standard 'autumn leaves') . That obtained a great success. He and the director's next collaborattion 'Les Enfants du Paradis' in 1945 also achieved a successful outcome. Although he was largely recognized as one of the most distinguished composers of movie music in the era, he left many composition in regular classical music format. His compositional diction can be characterized as firm and tight construction in form with modest, colorful and somewhat impressionistic harmonization. He died in Puys at 66 years old on 28th of September, 1972. (©2004. K.S.)


Main Works 

Opera Husband on the Cliff le bourgeois de falaise (1937)...Trans. unclear. Stands for J-F. Regnard's comedy written in1696?
La Locandiera la locandiera (196-) </vo, p>
Ballet A Venetian Night la nuit vénitienne (1938)
A Soft-boiled Egg l' oeuf à la coque (1948)
Psyche psyché (1950)
Herakles Héraklès (1953)
24 Hours of Mourning deuil en 24 heures (1953)
A Queen of the Islands la reine des îles (1955)
A Moor in Venice le maure de Vénise (1959)
Glitterbag la chaloupée (1961)
Lovers of Mayerling les amants de Mayerling (1961)
A Room Inheirited la chambre hoire (1969)
Cinema Davil's Envoys les visiteurs du soir (1942) <p/vo(3vo), g(p)>
An Angel of the Night l'ange de la nuit (1942)
Children of Paradise les enfants du paradis (1945)
Pamela Paméla (1945)
Idiot l' idiot (1946)
Guesclin Du Guesclin (1948)
Walm Encounter la figure de proue (1948)
Mystery in Shanghai mystère à Shanghai (1950)
Passion passion (1951)
The House on the Dune maison dans la dune (1952)
Soldier of Love fanfan la tulipe (1952)
Sins of the Borgias lucrèce Borgia (1953)
The Adultress Thérèse Raquin (1953)
Flesh and the Woman le grand jeu (1953)
Air of Paris l'air de paris (1955)
Braco braco (1955)
Crime and Panishment crime et châtiment (1956)
There's Always a Price Tag retour de Manivelle (1957)
Black Tights black tights (1960)
Eyes of Love les yeux de l'amour (1960)
Flight to the South courtier sud (1960)
Vautlin Vautlin (-)
I tried to find the established English title for each as much as I could, and intended to use those regular English titles.
If you find any 'original' English titles which do not apper in the translation above, please e-mail me for the correction.
Orchestral A Books for Jean le livre pour Jean (1929)
Six Characteristic popular French Songs six chansons dans le caractère populaire Français (1933) <small orch>
Rhapsody by use of the Themes from Inca rapsodie sur des thème Incas (1935)
French Suite: after Couperin suite Française: after Couperin (1936)
Poem poème (1936) <strings>
Music of Palace: after Lully musique de cour: after Lully (1939)
Fantastic Night la nuit fantasque (1941)
Three Frenchs and Americans trois Français et Amérique (1972)...precise information unclear
Romantic romantique (-)
Concerto Introduction, Song and Rondo introduction, chanson et ronde (1936) <hrp, orch>
Flute Concerto concerto pour flûte et orchestre (1959) <fl, strings/fl, p>
Chamber Suite in Trio Format suite en trio (-) <fl, vla, hrp>
Four Pieces quatre pièces (-) <vln, p>
Blues/Clock blues/l'horloge (-) <vln, p>
Adagio adagio (-) <as, p>
Cantilena (exclaiming tune) cantilène (-) <cl, p>
In Normandy en Normandie (-) <fl, p>
Songs etc. Two Poems of Rutebeuf deux poèmes de Rutebeuf (1926) <vo, p>
Demons and Miracles démons et merveilles (1942) <4vo, hrp>..Theme songs of 'Davil's Enjoys'
King Oedipus Oedipe-Roi (1940-1941) <narr, orch>
Tender and Dangerous Feature of Love tendre dangereux visage de l'amour (1947) <4vo>
The Fatal Moment l' instant fatal (1951) <choir, p>
Three Motets trois motets (-) <choir>
A Citizen le bourgeois (-) <vo, p>
Bird of Islands oiseaux des iles (-) <4vo>
Nightingale le rossignol (-) <4vo, p>
Night in Venice nuit Venitienne (-) <vo, p> ..Exerpts from ballet of the same title
My Sweet Memories douce m'apparait ton image.. (-) <vo, p (orch)>
Real History of the Doctor véridique histoire du docteur (-) <vo, p>
Presents of the Islands presents des iles (-) <vo, p (orch)>
Veni Creator veni creator (-) <vo, org>
Three Parables of La Fontaine trois fables de La Fontaine (-) <4child-vo>
Sad Song of Gilles complainte de Gilles (-) <vo, p>
Place of Accord place de la concorde (-) <4vo>..Concorde is also the name of the planes (or a bird in legend). translation unclear


Thiriet Disc Review


"Concerto pour Flûte et Orchestre à Cordes (A.Jolivet) Concerto pour Flûte et et Orchestre à Cordes (C.Pascal) Roseaux (R.François) Concerto pour Flûte et Orchestre à Cordes (M.Thiriet)" (Tudor : 7069)
Benoît Fromanger (fl) Christoph Poppen (cond) Münchener Kammerorchester
A violinist in Ketelby string quartet, Mr. Poppen was appointed the third heir director of Munchener Chamber orchestra in 1995. Immediately, he came out his true colors of favor and the repertory of the orchestra was changed dramatically into 20th cenutry music. This demonstrates a fruit of the sweet revolution. This time, he did all French Program with invititation of a soloist who is a pupil of Rampal and Marion in Paris Conservatory. The solist is a principal flutist of Baerischen Radio Orchestra in Munchen. It seems the reason why he collaborated this CD. you may hesitate to try this because you cannot find any familiar names except Jolivet, but the compositions are really favorable. As for Pascal and Thiriet, their compositions resemble considerably in terms of their ways of construction forms and coloration of the works with strong similarity of Jacques Ibert (although Francois's concerto sounds totally different... he is a typical believer of post-modern, deconstructionist). It was a surprise to know the fact that even Jolivet composed flute concerto in considerably modest manner especially in the first movement. The dedicator of the concerto to the solist, Pascal was from Bretagne in 1921. His concerto has Mozarto-like post-baroque form with Ibert-rooted pretty coloration and hints of Poulenc-like cloudedness. The steady-going sound makes us to accept the fact he was a Roman-Prize winner in 1945. It reminds me of the fact that Ibert composed an 'hommage for Mozart'. In addition, Thiriet's concerto is further well-crafted!! It demonstrates stringly that he was a pupil of Koechlin and Roland-Manuel although he was born in 1906 (he was a composer of dangerous generation who deconstructs pre-modern manners). It was written in Ibert-like Parisian manner with solid skills of collaging harmonies and Bozza-like steady technique to construct clear but well-built forms. It is truly regretable that such an steady composers are left unknown still (it can be said also for his master, Roland=Manuel !!). As you can easily recognize by referring the evidence that Mr.Emmanuel Krivine can train string section tightly because he was also a solo-violinist, the orchestra was controlled beautifully and sings con brio. Excepting little defeats, the flutist plays pretty with sweet and light (French-rotted) tones.

(English Trans: 2004. 4. 23)