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タイを読む

私が近ごろ読んだタイに関する本の読書ノートです。
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Resettlement of Population following the Dam Construction: The Case of Srinagarind Dam, Thailand
1981, Manat Suwan

In this doctoral dissertation, the author investigates the construction process of the Si Nakharin Dam in Kanchanaburi (completed in 1980), with his main focus on the socio-economic impact on the relocated villagers.

See also Satellite Exploration of Thailand / Lost Rivers - Kanchanaburi





Buddhadasa: Theravada Buddhism and Modernist Reform in Thailand
2003, Peter A. Jackson

This book was originally published by the Siam Society in 1988 as,
  "Buddhadasa: A Buddhist Thinker for the Modern World"
which, in turn, was an edited version of the author's doctoral dissertation in 1986,
  "Buddhadasa and Doctrinal Modernisation in Contemporary Thai Buddhism."

In this work, the author introduces, interprets and analyzes Buddhadasa's thought and teachings.





Sex and Borders: Gender, National Identity, and Prostitution Policy in Thailand excellent
2002, Leslie Ann Jeffrey

This book is not so much about the anthropology of prostitution but, rather, the anthropology of state policies and social opinions on prostitution.

The discourse on prostitution in Thailand, as the author presents, has been largely influenced and pressured by the hegemonic Western discourse on prostitution. Within the national boundary of Thailand itself, prostitution has been an issue of contention by various groups of conflicting interests, each trying to gain hegemony to strengthen their socio-economic standing. Prostitute women themselves, however, have been largely pressured into silence in voicing their views and demands.

In this book, the author places the issue of prostitution in a larger socio-political context and provides an incisive perspective to the mechanism and dynamism of the prostitution debate.





Politics and the Press in Thailand: Media Machinations excellent
2000, Duncan McCargo

The author engaged himself in the project "The politics of the media in Thailand and Pacific Asia" between 1994 and 1999, funded by the Economic and Social Research Council Research Fellowship. Between 1995 and 1996, he worked with reporters and editors of various newspapers in Thailand. This book is his major output from his research.

In the Introduction Chapter, the author puts forth a well-composed summary over 42 pages. In following chapters, he elaborates on details and specific case studies.


Glossary
News: Collection of quotations by government officials and influential figures.

Column: Analysis of social issues. Columnists are senior figures in the newspaper hierarchy, and their analyses are largely their personal opinions.

Reporters: Mostly in their 20s with no training in journalism and with only a few years' experience. They are not given authority to determine which news to pursue. Many see the job as an adventure, something to do in the salad days of one's 20s, but later they want better-paying jobs.

Provincial Reporters: Mostly stringers who work for several different newspapers, as few newspapers can afford to station their own reporters in provinces. They have close ties with local government officials and influential figures, making it difficult to gather objective news. Every year, a number of provincial reporters are murdered as a result of business or other conflicts.

Editors: They direct reporters which news to pursue. They rarely go out in search of stories themselves. Their job is to modify and present news stories sent in by reporters to meet the newspaper's political stance.

Management: Only a handful of newspapers (Thai Rath, Daily News, Matichon, Khao Sot, The Nation, Krungthep Thurakit, Bangkok Post) make profits. Most others are essentially fronts for advancing the views and interests of their owners. The purpose of owning a newspaper has been to advance your views, to get your voice heard, to talk up the prices of shares in companies you own, to discredit your enemies, to promote the interests of a friendly politician.





Radical Thought, Thai Mind: The Development of Revolutionary Ideas in Thailand excellent
1987, Yuangrat Wedel, Paul Wedel

In this book, the authors describe the historical development of radical thought in Thailand, which is characterized by the antipathy toward the sakdina system, longing for more egalitarian society and, in later years, the influence of Marxism. Radical thinkers in Thailand have emerged out of the specific socio-historical context in Thailand, and have developed rather unique ideologies and strategies. When, in late 1970s, they were forced to flee into the forest to seek refuge with the Communist Party of Thailand, they were to find out that the CPT was yet another dictatorial bureaucracy, inattentive to Thai social realities, and whose course of action was rigidly aligned with the Chinese Communist Party to such an extent that it was virtually a Maoist Party of Thailand.

Part 1
The Forerunners
Introduces lives and works of historical "radical thinkers": eg, Sriprard (during King Narai), Phramahamontri (during King Rama III), Tim Sukayang (during King Rama V), Tienwan, Phraya Suriyanuwat, Gularp, Jit Pumisak, Asani Ponlajan, Seni Sawapong.
Part 2
Innovators and Integraters
Describes the development and formation of radical thoughts in the 20th-century Thailand.
Part 3
Students and Insurgents
Describes students' taking refuge with the CPT, their frustration and disillusionment. Rare resource of this kind in English.





Making Revolution: The Insurgency of the Communist Party of Thailand in Structural Perspective excellent
1994, Tom Marks

Contrary to what its subtitle suggests, this book isn't so much about the internal structure of the Communist Party of Thailand, but about the transitions of social structures (including international relations) which led to the rise and fall of the Communist Party of Thailand.

In this book, the author applies Skocpol's analytical framework in her 1979 work States and Social Revolutions, which posits that a social revolution spontaneously grows out of the structural contradictions and potentials inherent in old-regimes, and sheds light on the phenomenon of CPT insurgency in Thailand in broader perspective.

Some of the historically curious topics detailed in this book are:
  1. U.S. Congressional debates in late 1960s as to the legitimacy of the U.S. military involvement in Thailand
  2. Factionalism within the Thai Army between the professional group and political group, of which the former was compelled to take action upon the 1976 October 6th crisis to head off the latter
  3. CPT's propaganda against the monarchy
  4. Split in the Asian communist bloc in late 1970s, which lead to the demise of the CPT




Thai-Lao Relations in Laotian Perspective good
2002, Khien Theeravit et al.

This book is divided into two parts as follows:
Part 1
Perception Studies
An analysis of questionnaire polls (216 samples) and interviews (100 samples) carried out between October 1, 2000 and September 30, 2001. (96 pages)
Part 2
Case Studies
Ban Romklao - Boten: Two Different Perspectives
(November 1987 - February 1988)
Armed clash in a disputed border area. (43 pages)
The Chong Mek - Wang Tao Incident: A Case of Rebellion or International Terrorism?
(July 2000)
Anti-Lao Government operation launched from Thai territory. (32 pages)
The Case of Nicole: Who has Abused Whom?
(March 2000 - )
Alleged (but not proved) defamation of Laos by a popular Thai singer. (10 pages)


The statistical analysis in Part 1 isn't too much impressive, and its results can be sufficiently outlined in a few pages, but the case studies in Part 2 are breathtaking, examining in depth curious historical conflicts between Thailand and Laos, for which few other sources are available.



Local Control of Land and Forest: Cultural Dimensions of Resource Management in Northern Thailand
2000, Anan Ganjanapan

This book is basically a collection of theses previously published by the author. Although, as a volume, it lacks systematic discourse, each thesis takes up curious aspects of the struggle over forest resources by competing parties: local farmers, immigrant farmers, hill-tribes, capitalists and the government.





The Arial Views of Seven Khmer Sanctuaries: Wonders of Northeastern Thailand
2002, Apiwan Adulyapichet, ed.

This 40-page booklet provides curious aerial photographs of seven Khmer ruin sites.

1. Khao Phra Viharn
2. Phanom Rung
3. Meuang Tam
4. Phimai
5. Sa Kamphaeng Yai
6. Si Khoraphum
7. Ta Meuan



Ta Klang: The Elephant Valley of Mool River Basin
2002, Pittaya Homkrailas

This is a pictorial book about the Guay and their elephants in Ban Ta Klang. The author has been engaged in a number of elephant-conservation organizations.

Although his approach falls short of anthropological and historical professionalism, the book carries about 100 monochrome pictures which reveal curious aspects of the life in Ban Ta Klang.



Tracks of an Intruder good
1967, Gordon Young

The author was born in 1927 in Burma to a missionary family. He spent his early years amongst the wilderness of the forest and, particularly, a Lahu tribe who taught him how to hunt wild animals. He evacuated from Burma in 1942 at the onset of the Japanese invasion of Burma. After spending his youth in California, in 1953, he settled in Chiangmai with his wife and a small daughter. On his first hunting excursion to the forest, he encountered a Lahu tribe whose old member remembered him as a boy when they were both in Burma, thus resumed their friendship and a series of hunting excursions in deep mountains in north Thailand.

This book provides valuable descriptions of virgin forests in north Thailand during the 1950s when wild elephants and tigers still roamed around. It also provides observations of still untainted primitive hill-tribes who were only accessible by heavy trekking in the forest.





象と生きるスワイ族: スリンの象村 good
1991, チューン シーサワット

本書において著者は、イサン南部に住むクーイ族の歴史、文化、タイ社会への同化について概説する。


現在クーイが多く住む村
・ スリン県 タートゥム郡 バーン・ガポー
・ ブリラム県 サトゥク郡 バーン・ブアチャウパー、バーン・クーカート

スリン、シーサケットでは、県の人口の20%がクーイ。内訳としては、
20% クーイの言語と文化を保持している
10% ラオに同化
70% クメールに同化

スワイの語源
ラマ3世の時代に、この地域に住む住民を調査して徴税簿を作成した。強制労働を課す代わりに年貢(山の産物)を課した。当時の呼称は、森のクメール(カメーン・パードン)。
ラマ5世の時代 (1868) に、当地の領主が年貢を払えないクーイを奴隷として売り飛ばしたり、人年貢としてバンコクに送ったために、コン・スワイ(年貢人間)との蔑称が始まった。

象の経済的用法
象狩りして象を売る(1961年まで)
山に入って木材を運ぶ仕事を請け負う
各地を回って、象に人を乗せたり、象の下をくぐらせて料金を得る
象牙、尻尾の毛、象の油を売る
ワニ園、ローズガーデンなどでショーをする





バンコクの灯
2002, 瀬戸 正夫

本書において著者は、バンコク建都220周年を記念して、バンコクの歴史を振り返る。初めの50ページでは、二次資料を利用して歴史を概説している。史観はオーソドックス。その後のページでは、著者の実体験に基づくバンコクの変遷を記述している。既刊の「瀬戸正夫の人生」と重複する部分が多いので、新鮮さにやや欠ける。





Around Lan-Na: A Guide to Thailand's Northern Border Region from Chiang Mai to Nan excellent
1999, Christian Goodden




Three Pagodas: A Journey Down the Thai-Burmese Border excellent
1996, Christian Goodden




Borderlines: A Journey in Thailand and Burma
1988, Charles Nicholl

The author visits Thailand to stay at a Buddhist temple for meditation. His encounter with a dubious trader Harry and his Thai girlfriend Katai, however, drives his course away from the serenity of the temple.



The Chiang Mai Chronicle
1995, David K. Wyatt, ed

Wyatt first explains in the Introduction that there are considerably more than a hundred versions of the Chiang Mai Chronicle. This version Wyatt decided to translate was provided and recommended by Dr. Hans Penth.





The Balancing Act: A history of Modern Thailand awesome
1991, Joseph J. Wright Jr.




The Lost Heritage: The Reality of Artifact Smuggling in Southeast Asia
2002, Masayuki Nagashima

In this book, the author reports on the current situation of theft and smuggling of historic ruins and artifacts in Thailand and Cambodia. He takes up the Banteay Chhmar ruin in Cambodia as a case study, where even a garrison of fifty soldiers in patrol fails to prevent occasional large-scale thefts.





The Politician and Other Stories [fiction]
2000, Khamsing Srinawk

This is a collection of seventeen short stories by the author. While some of his early stories are of historical interest, depicting contemporary society and criticizing regimes, others are a bit difficult to comprehend the message.

1958
The Politician
Breeding Stock
Quack Doctor
The Gold-Legged Frog
Dust Underfoot
1959
The Plank
1960
Dunghill
1962
Owners of Paradise
1966
The Peasant and the White Man
1969
Clash
Dark Glasses
1970
Sales Reps for the Underworld
1971
Happy Birthday, Grandpa
1973
Paradise Preserved
I Lost My Teeth
1981
The Buffalo with the Red Horns
1996
Intercourse



A Brief History of Lan Na: Civilizations of North Thailand
1994, Hans Penth

In this book, the author presents a history of Lan Na, from its prehistoric era to the early 20th century. While some topics are described in detail, other major events are entirely ignored, thus requiring the reader some background knowledge or supplementary reading to get the whole picture of the chronology.


750 - 1300: Mon Era

1050 - 1300: Arrival of the Yuan Tai

1300 - 1400: Building up of Lan Na

1400 - 1525: Golden Age of Lan Na

1526 - 1558: Internal Conflict

1558 - 1775: Burmese Occupation, Fragmentation, Turmoil

1775 - 1932: Integration into Siam




Politics in Thailand
1962, David A. Wilson

In this book, the author reviews and analyzes political transitions in Thailand after the 1932 coup d'etat. Also, he provides vivid description of the Sarit regime.





タイ: 変革の胎動
1980, アパイ・ポテパット、他

本書において、タイ共産党のシンパである4人の著者は、タイにおける抑圧と搾取の歴史と現状を概説し、人民大衆による闘争を奨励する。他の歴史書では見られない思いきった記述が興味深い。





Thai Buddhism in the Buddhist World good
1984, Phra Dhammapitaka

In this book, the author reviews development and transition of Buddhism in various countries. This book serves as a handy introduction to the comparative study of political history of Buddhism.





The Price of a Life [fiction]
1997, Sudassa Onkom

Ngop is a twelve-year old boy living in a slum, or "congested area" as he prefers to call it. He helps his family survive by selling flowers on the road. Though many boys in his neighborhood engage in criminal activities out of economic pressures and despondency about the future, Ngop steadfastly maintains his dignity and righteousness.



The Politics of Ruins and the Business of Nostalgia good
2002, Maurizio Peleggi

This is a curious research on the politics and commercialism of ancient ruins in Thailand. The author contends that successive regimes have exploited historical monuments to legitimize their rules and, when tourism began to prove a source of considerable profit, they were ready to make further "improvements" to attract tourists.





Siam in Mind
2002, David K. Wyatt

This book is more of a collection of essays on historical events than a study in history. As the author puts it in the preface, "Much of what I say is there as my opinion. I have been liberal in allowing my imagination to run freely, and I have stuck my neck out on a few points." Then he arouses curiosity of the reader by continuing, "Some things I have said might get me into trouble, and a few might even get me shot at. So be it. I certainly no longer have any illusions about my mortality," but, of course, the very fact that the book was published in Thailand precludes any possibility of touching upon sensitive historical issues which the author is well expected to be knowledgeable.





Commodifying Marxism: The Formation of Modern Thai Radical Culture, 1927 - 1958 excellent
2001, Kasian Tejapira

This is a pretty comprehensive study of history of "communism" in Thailand up to late 1950s. By quoting numerous primary sources, the author reveals the formation and early stages of "communist movement" before it transformed into armed insurgency under the harsh state suppression in the 1960s.





Time in a Bottle [fiction] good
1985, Praphatsorn Seiwikun

This is a story of Fatso, his family and his friends. Born to a middle-class family in Bangkok, he enjoys certain economic privileges, but suffers from constant family troubles. He ascribes it to his father having left his mother for another woman, and wishes that his father would come back soon.



Building Social Capital in Thailand: Fibers, Finance, and Infrastructure
1998, Danny Unger

The author attempts to analyze economic growth and social failures in Thailand, using the notion "social capital."





The Chakri Dynasty
1983, Abha Bhamorabutr

This is a chronology of the Chakri Dynasty by a Thai author, revealing some curious customs and events during each reign.





Central Thai Buddhism and Modernization
1992, Paul James Rutledge

In this book, the author introduces aspects of contemporary Buddhism in central Thailand.





Rama III and the Siamese Expedition to Kedah in 1839: The Dispatches of Luang Udomsombat
1993, Justin Corfield, ed.

Originally compiled by Prince Damrong in 1906. This is a collection of dispatches of Luang Udomsombat who was put in charge of recording the development of the 1839 expedition to Kedah. His description of course of events is pretty detailed, reproducing meetings and conversations in a word-for-word manner. This book gives the reader a good picture as to how a war was conducted in those days, when even a correspondence between the front line and the headquarters in Bangkok took well over one week.





Experiences of Hope: Reaching for the 21st Century
1992, Vitoon Panyakul, ed.

This is a collection of 22 articles by various authors on social issues; namely, hill-tribes, women, children, farmers, urban poor, workers, students, environment, tourism and human rights.





Kukrit Pramoj: His Wit and Wisdom
1983, Steve Van Beek, ed.

This is a collection of writings, speeches and interviews of Kukrit Pramoj. It's generally fit for easy-reading, contains curious notes on Thai history, and helps the reader perceive the general character of Kukrit. The book would have been of much greater interest had the editor not omitted Kukrit's antagonism against Pridi and Sulak.



Traditional and Changing Thai World View
1985, Amara Pongsapich, ed.

This is a collection of theses by seven authors who present various aspects of "Thai world view" or Thai psyche.





Buddhism and Political Legitimacy good
1993, Somboon Suksamran

Here is another piece of work which investigates the relationship between politics and religion, or political exploitation of Buddhism. This book is rather unique in that, in expanding its scope to its neighboring countries--Laos and Cambodia--where the communist regimes have taken over, it offers the reader to grasp the comparative study of political exploitation of Buddhism, which, in turn, illustrates the Thai case with renewed interest.





On Both Sides of the Tenasserim Range: History of Siamese-Burmese Relations good
1995, Sunait Chutintaranond

The author claims that the widely-held idea that Thailand and Burma have been enemies for centuries is a rather modern creation, fabricated and propagated by the Thai ruling class for political reasons since the Thonburi/early Bangkok periods.





Thai Talk
1995, Suthichai Yoon

This is a collection of columns which appeared in the Nation as "Thai Talk" between 1969 and 1994. Each column gives a contemporary view on political and social issues during this period, if somewhat lacks in incisive analysis.



Little Angels good
2001, Phra Peter Pannapadipo

This is a collection of interviews on twelve novice monks. Most novices come from rural poor families, either to escape from economic hardship or to aspire for secondary education. Their stories bear curious witness to the harsh socio-economic conditions in rural Thailand. Also, the role of the Buddhist temple as a social security net becomes apparent.





Thailand: Origins of Military Rule awesome
1978, David Elliott 1978

The author applies Marxism to elucidate the state of political economy in Thailand. He asserts that the Thai Establishment has collaborated with major imperialist nations to exploit the mass population by introducing and preserving the economic state of "underdevelopment" in the framework of world capitalism.

The author quotes curious historical sources, which other researchers probably wound’t dare, and leads to an alternative view on Thai history.



Thai Foreign Policy 1932 - 1946 excellent
1985, Charivat Santaputra

The author provides detailed account of Thailand's diplomatic relationship with other nations during the 1932- 1946 period. Whereas many history books tend to note only major political decisions and outcomes in the course of history, failing to mention intricate details and processes which lead to such events, this book looks into often-overlooked details and give a chance to the reader to re-evaluate history in his own views.





Pridi Banomyong and the Making of Thailand's Modern History excellent
1983, Vichitvong Na Pombhejara

This book provides a curious account on the post-1932 political history of Thailand. The author quotes various primary sources and describes details of major political events concerning Pridi.

Especially curious is its Chapter 15, "The Darkest hours," which describes the aftermath of King Ananda's death.





瀬戸正夫の人生 good
2001, 瀬戸 正夫

著者は1931年プーケットの生まれである。日本人の子供として盤谷日本尋常小学校に入学し、戦後は日本人キャンプに抑留されながらも、手続き上の不備から日本国籍を拒否された。その後、職を転々としながら苦労してタイ国籍を取得し、1967年からは朝日新聞バンコク支局の記者としてタイ全国を取材して歩いた。

本書において著者は、戦前・戦中・戦後のタイ社会の移り変わりの様子を、興味深く記述する。





Bangkok Editor good
1949, Alexander MacDonald

The author is a founder of the Bangkok Post. In this memoir, he recalls pains and gains of setting up a newspaper in Thailand, while reporting major political events in the immediate post-war Thailand: namely, the death of King Ananda, the coup d'etat which expelled Pridi, and the regicide trial of three suspects.





King Maha Mongkut of Siam
1972, John Blofeld

This is a biography of King Mongkut. Apart from his official activities as the abbot of Wat Bovorniveh and, later, as the King of Siam, the author reveals some curious anecdotes which illustrate the private life of King Mongkut.





Trial in Thailand excellent
1974, George K. Tanham 1974

The author is a specialist of counterinsurgency in the US State Department, and was stationed at the American Embassy in Bangkok from 1968 to 1970 as a Special Assistant for Counterinsurgency. In this book, he gives detailed descriptions of the history and contemporary situation of communist insurgency in Thailand, from the point of an American specialist, and comments on problems and future prospects of counterinsurgency.






Golden Triangle: Frontier and Wilderness good
1982, Bo Yang

The author is a journalist in Taiwan. He spent three weeks in the Golden Triangle in 1982 for interview and research. This book is a collection of his articles which appeared in China Times.

This book roughly divides into two parts. In part one, the author takes up the drug issue around the Golden Triangle. His concise account of the history of drug trade reveals how the trade has been economically, and later politically, exploited by the British in the 19th century, French in the first half of the 20th century, and by Americans during the Indo-China conflict. He also takes up contemporary topics such as Khun Sa, Shan United Revolutionary Army, and alleged involvement of high-ranking Thai officials.

In part two, the author gives account of the history and contemporary situation of the Kuomintang in north Thailand. His narration of the 1963 disarmament, 1968 battle of Batang, and 1982 battle of Khaoya is impressive.



Muang Metaphysics: A Study of Northern Thai Myth and Ritual
1984, Richard B. Davis

The author conducted an anthropological research in a rural village in Nan Province from late 1960s to early 1970s. In this book, he tries to recompose the ideological system of the Muang, which lies behind rapidly disappearing traditional customs.





Thailand: The Lotus Kingdom
1989, Alistair Shearer


The author traveled throughout Thailand and, together with his research, put forth this book, describing the history, culture, geography and contemporary social issues. Today, this book can be read as a historical material, depicting various aspects of Thailand in 1980s.