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タイを読む

私が近ごろ読んだタイに関する本の読書ノートです。
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Kings, Country and Constitutions: Thailand's political development 1932-2000 excellent
2003, Kobkua Suwannathat-Pian

The author is a Malaysian historian, and this may account for her rather unique approach and viewpoint. In this book, she focuses on the turbulent years of three constitutional monarchs - Prajadhipok, Ananda and Bhumibol. She only briefly mentions major historical events which are well-accounted for in other historical works, but, rather, provides minute background, quoting numerous sources, thereby shedding light to how and why things happened.

As the title suggests, one of the main themes of this work is the successive constitutions which were labored, engineered, compromised, contested and abolished. Here, again, the author illuminates in depth the legal/political significance of each constitution, and points out that, far from being a mere formality of democratic requisite, each constitution was in fact a formidable and decisive political tool, for/against which contesting parties struggled to fight.




The Boys in Black: The Thahan Phran (Rangers), Thailand's Para-military Border Guards good
2004, Desmond Ball

This is an in-depth study of "rangers" in Thailand. Formally organized in 1978 to assist Army's struggle against Communist insurgency, this volunteer para-military organization caused numerous violent incidents, among which two notable examples are the Task Force 80 in charge of Cambodian refugee camps and Rangers in the 4th Army Region in southern provinces, which caused a series of atrocities against Muslim villagers. Despite calls to abolish the organization altogether, it survived partially due to some notable achievements (eg. 1980-81 Khao Khor, 1981-82 Ban Hin Taek, 1986-87 Campaign against Communist remnants, 1987-88 Ban Rom Klao) but essentially due to its utility for the Army. With low training cost and meager payroll, rangers constituted a low cost investment in forms of advance guards in dangerous missions, routine patrol in relatively pacified areas, as well as a means of intimidation and violence for political purposes. In early 1990s, Rangers began to be deployed to assist civilian sections of the Government, notably the Forest Department to patrol national parks and wildlife sanctuaries against often armed and dangerous poachers.





道は、ひらける: タイ研究の五〇年
2003, 石井 米雄

本書は、タイ研究家として知られる筆者の半生を回想した自叙伝である。

1945 (16才)早稲田第一高等学院(旧制高校)理科入学。英語とドイツ語を勉強。
1949 (20才)学制改革に伴い、新制早稲田大学に移行編入。言語学を勉強するために、(一年下がって)文学部(英語・英文学科)に転部。ラテン語、フランス語を勉強。
1950 (21才)仏文科に転科。ギリシャ語を勉強。
1951 (22才)イタリア語を勉強。大学にはあまり行かなかった。
1953 (24才)早稲田大学を除籍の形で去り、東京外国語大学に入学。シャム語を専攻。
1955 (26才)外務省外務書記として採用される。
1957 (28才)外務省留学生として在タイ大使館に籍を置き、チュラロンコン大学文学部に通う。
  稲作民族文化総合調査団に随行
  東南アジア生態学調査隊に随行
  ワット・ボーウォンにて出家
  池田・サリット会談の通訳
1963 (34才)帰国。外務省本省勤務。
1965 (36才)京都大学東南アジア研究センターに助教授として招聘される。
1990 (60才)上智大学のアジア文化研究所に招聘される。





The Chao Phya: River in Transition good
1995, Steve van Beek

This is an aspiring study of the Chao Phya River - including its tributaries Ping, Wang, Yom, Nan and Pasak - with a multi-disciplinary approach. The author investigates the Chao Phya river system in terms of geology, history, anthropology and sociology.



Report on a Socio-economic Study of the Villages in the Proposed Reservoir Area of Electricity Generating Authority of Thailand's Project
1979, Chulalongkorn University Social Research Institute

This report is based on a field research conducted in 1978-79, prior to the construction of the Khao Laem Dam (completed in 1984) in Kanchanaburi. The research team visited 27 of the 35 villages to be inundated, and conducted socio-economic assessment of the dam. Supplied with now historical 27 street maps of the inundated villages.

See also Satellite Exploration of Thailand / Lost Rivers - Kanchanaburi