"Non-blooming Rotational Composite (NBR Composite)"
  proposed by Uto & Okano                Mototsugu Motoki, M.D.

The messiest thing we are facing with NABG CCD cameras is the blooming phenomenon. Against this issue
Uto and Okano, Ph.D. proposed the "Non-blooming Rotational Composite (NBR Composite)" which removes
the blooming almost completely away. This method utilizes the fact that the bloomed area extends upward
or downward on the same line from the bright stars. To perform the NBR Composite we need to prepare two
sets of images(LRGB, RGB, etc.) taken with the different rotating camera position. Namely, after taking
LRGB images with the usual camera position we need to rotate the CCD camera 90 or 270 degrees and take
one more set of LRGB images with the same exposure. Then compose two set of images by the command of
"select minimun pixel value." In my test series of ST-10E, I tried the NBR Composite in some objects and
got satisfying results. Here I introduce this method and share my tiny experience with those who are
interested in anti blooming.

   M8; 2001/05/17, 1:38(JST)
   Set 1; L=5min+4min, R=G=2min, B=4min
   Set 2; L=4min+4min, R=G=2min, B=4min
   Newtonian reflector(f=1500mm, F5), Takahashi EM-500 Temma PC, CFW-8A, ST-10E, CCD temp.; -20C
   (double Pertier and water cooling)
   CCDOPS 4.30, StellaImage 3

L images(Left:Set1, Right:Set2) with the different rotating camera position


Magnified bloomed area; L image(Set1)

Cool or cold pixels surrounding saturated area should be painted white.
Otherwise, this dark band will be remained after NBR Composite (select darker pixels).

L image(Set1) after painting white the cool or cold pixels existing peri-saturated area


Final L image got by the NBR Composite of L image(Set1) and L image(Set2)

Align both of L images (Set1 and Set2) perfectly, and carry out the command of "select darker one" (in other
words, " select minimum pixel value") by the image processing software StellaImage 3. Bloomed area is
almost completely removed. The same procedure should be done in each frame of RGB and finally we get a
blooming less LRGB image as below.

  Another example of NBR Composite (Rosette nebula) by newly released StellaImage 3.1
          No more painting dark band white, and easy preview adjustment of each image brightness!

The NBR Composite not only erases the blooming completely but also vividly reproduces the star image
buried in the blooming. Though it takes double longer time than in the usual photographing, the S/N ratio
is expected to be improved a little bit. I do hope this anti blooming method proposed by Uto & Okano will
be helpful to all of the NABG CCD users and the colleges who are worrying about which one should they
choose, ABG or NABG.

Thanks to Masaaki Uto, Kunihiko Okano, Ph.D. who proposed NBR Composite and permitted me to introduce
this method, and to Mr. Barry Gooley at KOKUSAI KOHKI for his offering me the chance of ST-10E test.