CALL FOR IMMEDIATE RATIFICATION OF THE UN CONVENTION ON THE PROTECTION OF THE RIGHTS OF ALL MIGRANT WORKERS AND MEMBERS OF THEIR FAMILIES

The UN General Assembly adopted the Convention on the Protection of the Rights of All Migrant Workers and Members of Their Families on 18 December, 1990. It says we are under obligation to make clear international standards on the protection of the rights of all migrant workers and members of their families.
On July 1, 2003, the Convention on the Protection of the Rights of All Migrant Workers and Members of their Families was ratified by the 20 States, and was formally enacted. We strongly demand to the Japanese government for its immediately ratify this UN convention for the protection of the rights of Migrant Workers in Japan and Members of Their Families regardless of their nationality or their status of residence.

Main contents of this convention

The term "migrant worker" refers to a person who is to be engaged, is engaged or has been engaged in a remunerated activity in a State of which he or she is not a national. (Article 2)

To respect and to ensure to all migrant workers and members of their families within their territory or subject to their jurisdiction the rights provided for in the present Convention without distinction of any kind such as to sex, race, colour, language, religion or conviction, political or other opinion, national, ethnic or social origin, nationality, age, economic position, property, marital status, birth or other status. (Article 7)

Human rights of all migrant workers and members of their families

No migrant worker or member of his or her family shall be held in slavery or servitude. (Article 11)

Migrant workers and members of their families shall have the right to equality with nationals of the State concerned before the courts and tribunals.( Article 18)

Migrant workers shall enjoy treatment not less favourable than that, which applies to nationals of the State of employment in respect of remunerationArticle 25

States Parties recognize the right of migrant workers and members of their families: (a) To take part in meetings and activities of trade unions (b) To join freely any trade union(c) To seek the aid and assistance of any trade union Article 26

Migrant workers and members of their families shall have the right to receive any medical care that is urgently required for the preservation of their life or the avoidance of irreparable harm to their health on the basis of equality of treatment with nationals of the State concerned. Such emergency medical care shall not be refused them by reason of any irregularity with regard to stay or employment. Article 28

Each child of a migrant worker shall have the right to a name, to registration of birth and to a nationality.Article 29

Each child of a migrant worker shall have the basic right of access to education on the basis of equality of treatment with nationals of the State concerned.Article 30

1. States Parties shall ensure respect for the cultural identity of migrant workers and members of their families and shall not prevent them from maintaining their cultural links with their State of origin. Article 31

It has been ratified:

Azerbaijan, Belize, Bolivia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Cape Verde, Colombia, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Ghana, Guatemala, Guinea, Mexico, Morocco, Philippines, Senegal, Seychelles, Sri Lanka, Tajikistan, Uganda and Uruguay.May, 2003